Section 1. Introduction (Part 1)


The African bush elephant (Loxodonta Africana; also know as the African savanna elephant) once numbered in the millions, ranging from the Sahara Desert to South Africa. The African bush elephant is the largest land animal living today and is an integral part of African ecosystems. To learn more about the African bush elephant, click here.

Elephant Decline

Sadly, African bush elephants have been decimated over the centuries by meat and ivory hunters and by the conversion of prime elephant habitats into lands for agriculture and other human uses.


Thanks to conservation efforts across Africa, many African bush elephant populations are doing very well. These populations are confined to reserves that protect the elephants from poaching and habitat destruction.

Map of Africa, with the former range of the African bush elephants, ,[object Object],, shown by the filled circles.

Map of Africa, with the former range of the savannah elephant, Loxodonta africana, highlighted.